Success Story 1
A successful broiler farming led by a Kashmiri youth at Budgam district
Name of the farmer: Arshid Ahmad Bhat
Village: Kultreh, Chadoora
Enterprise taken up with brief notes: Broiler unit
The Indian poultry industry has been growing at faster rate of 15-20% during the last two decades and its present status in our country stands at 3rd and 5th position respectively in the worlds’ egg and chicken meat production. However, the commercial poultry farming will not be affected by the growth of rural poultry farming as observed in most of the district of Jammu and Kashmir. The broiler production of the Budgam district is more than the other district of Budgam district. The Chadoora block has the great opportunity to rear the commercial broiler.
Our Kendra plays a vital role to disseminate the technology of broiler farming. The Kendra organized so many training programmes on broiler farming including vocational training programme and skill development training programme. The Kendra selected an unemployed name Mr. Arshid Ahmad Bhat S/o of Ghulam Ahmad Bhat R/o Kultreh for broiler farming. Mr. Arshid Ahmad Bhat attended various training programme, Kissan Mela, exposure visit to Government Poultry farm, neibouring broiler farm and awareness camp organized by KVK, Budgam
Mr. Arshid Ahmad Bhat has started one broiler units (2000 birds) named as Azad poultry at his own land after getting the vocational training programme organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Budgam, Jammu and Kashmir. He has purchased day old chicks from local dealer of Srinagar and simultaneously dealer procured the chicks from Bharti/ Kissan Hatchery, Hariyana throughout the year. Day old chicks @ Rs.25-32/- per chick are delivered at their point from agents of Srinagar and Wampora, Pulwama. Ghulam Mohammad Mir has played a vital role in distributing the chicks to the farmers of village Kultreh. They purchased broiler feed from market and the broiler unit was managed by unemployed youth and ladies of the family. He has already raised 6 batches of a broiler birds (2000 each).The broiler birds (35-40 days old) are being sold at @ Rs.70.00 per kg of live Weight. The cost of production of 1 Kg live birds is about Rs.55-60/- and it is so expansive due high feed and chick cost. On average they get Rs.20-25.00 net profit per bird from the broiler unit. Paddy husk is used as litter material and after each batch this was removed to be used as manure in the crop fields.
Profit and Loss: He has got net profit Rs.240000.00 to Rs.30000.00 in a year by selling the ready bird to the local dealer of Srinagar. However, he has earned about Rs. 40,000.00 to Rs.50000.00 per batch (two months).
Comment in brief: He is an unemployed youth and earned an average Rs.20, 000.00 to Rs.25, 000.00 per month from the Azad Poultry farm. This unit acts as model for the income generating activity for the rural youth and also creates awareness among the other rural youth for the self employment. He serves as a successful representation of smallholder broiler grower and is used by the other Krishi Vigyan Kendra, extension workers, NGO’s as a success story to motivate the upcoming smallholder poultry farmers in the area. This broiler unit acts as model for the income generating activity for the rural youth and also creates awareness among the other rural youth for the self employment.
(Ready bird taking their feed) (The KVK SMS Visited the farm) (KVK scientists prescribed some medicines for birds)
(The farmers disposed the used
litter materials as manure)
Success Story 2
Name of the farmer: Riyaz Ahmed Bhat
Location of Farm: Kultreh, Chadoora
Enterprise taken up with brief notes: Dairy unit
Introduction: Chadoora block is one of the most milk producing block of district Budgam of Jammu and Kashmir. Due to the hilly region the indigenous breeds of this area are of small size. According to breeding policy of the J&K state, inheritance of exotic blood i.e. Jersey / Holstein is to be kept at 50% and remaining 50% inheritance will be contributed by indigenous Kashmiri cattle. There are about 123653 cross bred cattle and 48093 indigenous cattle in the district. The average milk yield is about 8-10L and 2-4 L in crossbred and indigenous cattle and total milk production is 14797 thousand MT in district Budgam
Riyaz Ahmad Bhat, S/o Mr. Bashir Ahmad Bhat, R/o Dangerpora is an unemployed rural youth always come and contract with our Kendra for getting any benefits. He values learning and puts the acquired knowledge into practice. He attended workshops, seminars, Kishan Mela, Skill developed training programme organized by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Budgam and other forums to improve his knowledge and he was also visited dairy farm of SKUAST-Kashmir through exposure visit arranged by KVK, Budgam. He serves as a successful model of smallholder dairy farmer and is used by the Extension agents as a success story to motivate the upcoming smallholder dairy farmers in the area. He attended so many training programme including dairy farming, backyard poultry farming, broiler farming horticulture and crop production. Finally make him sure that he has to established a dairy units and started a dairy farm at village Kultreh in 2010 named as Al- Noor Dairy Farm with 10 dairy cross-bred cows of which three were milch cows and realized that he was generating as much monthly revenue from the sale of milk, from this one cross-bred animal. As he puts it he started “wondering how much” he would get from a dairy herd of 10 milking cows if he were to have them. This speculation of the revenue from 10 milk cows was the basis of his resolve to take the risk and leave a well paying job to enter into dairy farming. He believed then that dairy farming would be a good employer and would offer him and his family of 8, “safety and security”. He has so far not regretted the decision he made. Al- Noor Dairy Farm also gives benefit so many people by providing the raw milk. One attendant gets his salary from this dairy unit and he is satisfied with the labour cost.
He has now ten mature cows, seven of them in milk, other tree are dry cow and three female calves (4 month old) and two male calve (3 months old). He is milking 105 L of milk per day and selling about 100 L of this on average. He is one of the most progressive dairy farmers at Chadoora Block in the district of Budgam, with an average daily production per cow of 15 L (range from 12 L to 20L per cow per day). Earlier he sold most of the milk at the farm only. He purchase a auto milk van for carrying the milk produced his own farm as well as near by farms and supply to the Rajbagh area of Srinagar city distance about 17-20Km away from his Al-Noor dairy farm. He sells his milk @Rs.24/- per liter of milk. His rough estimation of monthly revenue and income from milk alone is he makes about Rs.72000/- per month of which his profit is Rs.30000/- only. He also procure 100 L of milk and bring the milk along with his owned farm’s milk and sells at the same market vale and earns another Rs.7500/- per month excluding carrying charge. He also sells manure which fetches about Rs.1000/- a month. He cultivates oats and maize in his own land for green grass.
Dairying as compared with other enterprises: Riyaz Ahmed Bhat believes dairy production is better than other agricultural activities. Dairy enterprise provide the family with income security, offers continuous income and he can use dairy by-products such as manure to generate extra income or use on the farm to grow fodder and forage and other crops, provides employment for the family members .
Riyaz Ahmed Bhat future in dairy: The immediate future plan is to increase the herd size to 10 milking cows (16 total mature cows) or more so as get at least 150L of milk a day. When he achieves this, he will then diversify his dairy business into value-added milk products such as paneer, dahi and yoghurt. Continuous learning has already helped him to improve his dairy enterprise and him and his younger brother will continue to look for and take any opportunity for learning provided by various organizations. He believes he owes his current success to knowledge obtained through interactions with the Scientist of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Budgam, extension officers of Animal Husbandry Department, and from the many dairy forums he has attended.
Despite his success, he believes his peri-urban dairy farming is faced with a lot of challenges which include: the risk of employing untrustworthy and unreliable dairy labourers; limitation and high cost of land; and the city of Srinagar by-laws which are not supportive of urban agriculture although the peri-urban agriculture is widespread and profitable within the city’s environs. This unit acts as model for the income generating activity for the rural youth and also creates awareness among the other rural youth for the self employment.
(The farmer attended Training Programme) (Scientist from F.V. Sc &A. H. Shuhama & (Farm Visit by the Scientist of Div. of Pathology,
ARGO F. V. Sc & A. H. Shuhama and KVK, Budgam KVK Budgam visited the farm)
(Disease Diagnostic Service) (Exposure Visit to Cattle Research Station, Manasbal)